Phillipa Vincent-Connolly explores the lives of disabled people in the Tudor era. Speaking to Ellie Cawthorne, she uncovers complex attitudes to disability in the period, and reveals how some disabled figures played key roles at the royal court. Phillipa Vincent-Connolly is the author of the Disability and the Tudors:Continue Reading

10 May 1307 Robert Bruce defeats the English at the Battle of Loudoun Hill. 10 May 1612 Mughal emperor Shah Jahan married Persian princess Arjumand Banu Begum and gave her the title ‘Mumtaz Mahal’, meaning ‘jewel of the palace’. After she died in childbirth in 1631 her husband had Agra’sContinue Reading

Older schoolchildren typically perform better on academic achievement tests than younger students in the same classes. Time and again, studies looking at an array of countries, grade spans, and subjects have found that age differences of even a few months do matter. Consider this example of how age affects academicContinue Reading

From accepting a case to issuing a ruling, this is the process the nine Supreme Court justices follow in considering a case and reaching a decision. When the Supreme Court of the United States agrees to hear a case, the only part of the process that’s open to the publicContinue Reading

As Nixon’s Secretary of State, Nixon both escalated the war—and tried to end it. As advisor to President John F. Kennedy, then national security advisor (1969-75) and secretary of state (1973-77) to President Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger was responsible for making major decisions related to the Vietnam War. He keptContinue Reading

When was Target Zero Day? It was a red-letter day in the history of medicine – ‘Target Zero Day’, 8 May 1980, signified the complete eradication of smallpox, a terrifying scourge that had previously killed one in 12 worldwide. Smallpox was untreatable but, luckily, it turned out that vaccination providedContinue Reading

What are the origins of aircraft being used in war? How common were dogfights? And were early fighter pilots really the ‘knights of the air’? Speaking with Emily Briffett, Paul Beaver answers your top questions about military aviation in our latest Everything you wanted to know episode. Journal ofContinue Reading