Elaine Farrell shares the stories of incarcerated Irish women, from daily routines inside a convict prison to relationships with staff and contact with the outside world. She also asks what their experiences can tell us about the lives of working-class women in 19th-century Ireland more generally. Elaine Farrell is theContinue Reading

The Duke of Edinburgh, husband of Queen Elizabeth II, was originally a somewhat controversial match for the future queen. Philip Mountbatten married then-Princess Elizabeth in 1947 and the pair’s marriage is longer than any other royal union in history. Just as his wife is the longest-serving British monarch, Prince Philip,Continue Reading

Recently, in the midst of a short, charming interview, an award-winning 2nd grade dual-language teacher casually offered an offhand comment that gave me pause. She said, “With gentrification, there are many more affluent families in the neighborhood who are attracted to the benefits of bilingual education. It takes a consciousContinue Reading

The Hoover Dam, LaGuardia Airport and the Bay Bridge were all part of FDR’s New Deal investment. The New Deal was a massive effort to lift the United States out of the Great Depression on several fronts. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan created the Social Security Administration to protect olderContinue Reading